Andrew Carnegie

Please use the attached form. Only two internet sources. Although EBSOCO articles are allowed. Please use known and easy to find sources.
Explain his life from birth to death. Having most of the paper on his great accomplishments and how they have helped American and the rest of the world.
Explain how he started from nothing, and become a very successful and known person.

Research Paper Requirements


  • All papers must follow this requirement handout.


  • Minimum requirement for this research paper is 8+ pages


  • All papers must be handed in before or on the due date


  • Minimum of 5 sources are required.
    1. No general textbooks or general encyclopedias can be used.
    2. Only two internet sources
  • . Students will be allowed to use EBSCO articles- these are, in reality, previously published articles and are not considered “Internet” sources/websites for this paper- students can use as many of them as they like (if a student uses EBSCO,  the articles should contain page numbers).
  1. All students, regardless of their topic, are expected to have completely read at least one book (if not two) on the subject.


  • The paper must have a Bibliography or Works Cited page. All sources must be listed in alphabetical order. Failure to have this page can be a reduction of up to 5%. Also, all book titles or journal titles mentioned in the research paper text, cited in the footnotes, or listed in the bibliography must be either underlined or italicized.


  • All finished work must contain an Introduction and a Thesis somewhere atthe beginning of the paper.


  • Use 12 size font for this paper. Margins should be 1″ on top and bottom, with 1 ½” on each side.  (Set your margins to “default.”)The paper needs to be double-spaced and typed.


  • The citation style used in this course is the University of Chicago style.It is important for a student to learn as many footnoting styles as possible and I choose this one. One of the reasons for my decision is that this is the accepted style of history departments and the profession.  This said, YOU MUST USE one of two standard traditional numbered footnoting styles:
    1. Footnotes (numbered notes at the bottom of each page)
    2. Endnotes (numbered notes at the end of paper)


To do this under Microsoft Word, place your cursor after the information you are footnoting.  Click the insert menu and go down to “insert footnote.” (in some versions, it’s insert -> reference ->footnote) From the pop-up menu choose which style you wish to do, either endnotes or footnotes, then click “ok.”  The program will even auto-number the footnotes for you, and place your cursor at the bottom of either the page or the paper so that you can type in the source information.


  • What to cite- This will be discussed in class. All cited book or article sources must include in the citation the page number (s) where the information can be found.


  • Footnoting/Citation Etiquette:


  1. One must give a full citation the first time a source is footnoted-(author’s full name, full title of the source, including subtitles, publisher/name of journal, location, and year/date of publication,  and,  of course, the page(s) numbers. Where it is appropriate, one MUST cite the page numbers of the books and articles that are cited/used in the paper. After you cite a source the first time you thereafter only have to list the author’s last name and page numbers in all subsequent citations of that particular source. Only use each footnote number ONCE. (Look at the examples in the handout).


NO PARANTHETICAL FOOTNOTES WILL BE ACCEPTED.  All papers documented with parenthetical footnotes will be returned unread.  They will need to be handed in again with correct footnoting format in order to receive credit.  (So save yourself the work, and do it right the first time.  If you aren’t sure if you are doing it correctly, ask me.)

  • QUOTATIONS – Using quotations in your paper can be very useful, but I would caution you on a couple of things.
    1. When you quote in your paper, ALWAYS identify who you are quoting.

Ex. If you are quoting from the work of a historian or a biographer before you use the quote, you would say: “In the words of…” or “According to…”

  1. Don’t quote a statement of fact. Normally one quotes the subjects of their paper (ex. Napoleon, or one of his contemporaries) or interpretations by historians about the subject of their paper but not simple statements of fact.  (ex. “He walked across the room.” Or “He ate green cheese.”) Students have a tendency to overuse quotations instead of paraphrasing information.
  2. If your quotation is 5 lines or longer, you must indent and single space the entire quotation.

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