Topic: Chapter Discussion Questions

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  1. The sociological perspective, as a way of thinking about the world, includes the sociological imagination from C. Wright Mills, the beginner’s mind from Bernard McGrane, and the idea of culture shock from anthropology. What do all three of these concepts have in common?


  1. Classical sociological theory arose in the nineteenth century, in the aftermath of the American and French Revolutions and during the Industrial Revolution. Explain how the theories of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber all reflect a concern for the consequences of modern life. .



  1. Sociologists often have to decide if they are going to adopt a microsociological or a macrosociological approach in any given project. Explain how these perspectives differ, paying special attention to the different assumptions about how society works that are contained within each perspective


  1. Compare and contrast conflict theory with structural functionalism. Pay special attention to the way that each theory treats the origin of social change.



Chapter Discussion Questions

Mills, McGrane sociological imaginations and anthropological idea on culture shock assert that, in a real world, an individual must accept change and learn to do things in a new way. McGranes states that it is vital for individuals to terminate their stereotypes, opinions, and expectations to respond effectively to life experiences. Mills argues that adequate understanding of the social life demands awareness of how history and the biography intersect. The culture shock refers to experiences of disorientation upon entering a new environment. Thus, an individual must learn the new behaviors in the new context.

Emile Durkheim, Karl Max, and Max Wabor theories express a concern about the modern life consequences. Industrialization and growth of capitalism characterize the modern world. Max Wabor expressed a concern about the application of economic logics to every aspect of human activity. He noted that disappointments characterize the current life in the world as people are turned into equivalents of machines. Similarly, Karl Max argued that capitalism created a social inequality between bourgeoisie and proletariat. Emily Durkeim researched on how people bond socially. Durkeim explained that disruption of the society equilibrium required adjustments be made to bring out a stable state.

Sociologists adopt either micro or macro-sociological perspective in their projects since they have differences. For instance, macro sociology considers massive social processes such as change and the social stability. In micro-sociology, small individual interactions such as dynamics in groups are considered. Moreso, macro sociology reviews the trends and patterns at a large-scale level, but there is a risk of considering abstract entities not related to individual responsible for their implementation (Sciulli, 2011). In contrast, micro-sociology considers all the ground factors, but it may also fail to consider outside individuals behavior.

Conflict theory and the structural-functionalism theories differ but still have some similarities. The critical similarity is that both theories give insights relating to macro sociology. They consider the large-scale elements in the society. Structural-functionalism assumes the unification of the society that functions due the contributions made by different structures. Conversely, conflict theory proposes that the social change would be realized through social conflict. This assertion implies change is achieved through a society characterized by materialism and dynamism in the historical change.












Sciulli, D. (2011). Etzioni’s Critical Functionalism: Communitarian Origins and Principles (Vol. 117). Brill.

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