Role of Science, Engineering, and Society in Curbing Antibiotic Resistance







Role of Science, Engineering, and Society in Curbing Antibiotic Resistance







Role of Science, Engineering, and Society in Curbing Antibiotic Resistance

Antibiotic resistance is a phenomenon that has attained global attention due to its imminent threat to effective treatment. Antibiotic resistance occurs when there is a change in bacteria that compromises or eliminates the effectiveness of a chemical, drug or any other therapeutic agent. Consequently, the bacteria remain in the body and continue to cause more harm. Other possible implications of the development of antibiotic resistance are such as it results in the use of last-line therapies that are often preserved (Soothill, Hu & Coates, 2013). It also raises the need to use antimicrobials previously discarded due to their toxicity. Considering these issues and their adverse implications to the health sector, it is prudent to prevent the development of antibiotic resistance. This paper gives brief exploration to the role of science, engineering and the society in curbing antibiotic resistance.

The scientific community ought to change their research strategies. Such factor can be viewed in the aspect of genetic engineering. Ermak (2007) explains that genetic engineering results in the release of antibiotic resistance genes that may be acquired by bacteria. Therefore, the scientific community has a role in ensuring minimal or no release of such genes that may contribute to the growth of antibiotic resistance. Scientists also should undertake research projects aiming at solutions and intervention strategies on antibiotic resistance. Moreover, physicians should ensure that the correct antibiotic is prescribed to patients. Physicians should also reduce the rate of prescribing antibiotics.

Engineering of diagnostic tests should also take a new approach that will enable rapid diagnosis. Such initiative will help to prevent the overuse of antibiotics that results from delayed diagnosis. Moreover, rapid diagnostic tools will help to determine patients who need antibiotics (Laxminarayan et al., 2013). The design of most diagnostic tests is also a drawback in that they are designed on the ground of microbiological and in enabling detection of as many microbes as possible. However, diagnostic tests should be designed based on their clinical applicability to help curb the current medical menace of antibiotic resistance.

The society should also reduce the rate of their use of antibiotics, especially when not prescribed. According to Bisht, Katiyar, Singh and Mittal (2009), high rate of antibiotic consumption results in increased prevalence of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, people need to change the behavior of self-medication in which case most people use antibiotics. Moreover, other settings in the community such as pharmacies, agriculture and drug vendor outlets need to ensure proper usage of antibiotics as an initiative of preventing the development of antibiotic resistance.




Bisht, R., Katiyar, A., Singh, R., & Mittal, P. (2009). Antibiotic resistance-A global issue of concern. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research2(2), 34-39.

Ermak, G. (2007). Modern science & future medicine. Place of publication not identified: publisher not identified.

Laxminarayan, R., Duse, A., Wattal, C., Zaidi, A. K., Wertheim, H. F., Sumpradit, N., … & Greko, C. (2013). Antibiotic resistance—the need for global solutions. The Lancet infectious diseases13(12), 1057-1098.

Soothill, G., Hu, Y., & Coates, A. (2013). Can we prevent antimicrobial resistance by using antimicrobials better?. Pathogens2(2), 422-435.

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