Research Paper

724.8.5 : Foundations of Inquiry

The graduate differentiates between quality improvement processes, evidence based practice, and research.

724.8.6 : Literature Review and Analysis

The graduate demonstrates knowledge of the process and outcomes of conducting a literature review.

724.8.7 : Ethics and Research

The graduate demonstrates understanding of the ethics of nursing research, particularly human subjects’ protections, informed consent, and alignment with patient and family values and preferences.

724.8.8 : Patient Outcomes

The graduate discriminates between identified standards and practices that do not provide improvements in patient outcomes utilizing relevant sources of evidence and the application of nursing theory.

724.8.9 : Data Collection, Analysis, and Documentation

The graduate describes the process of data collection, analysis and implementation of evidence that can improve clinical practice from an interprofessional perspective.


Evidence-based literature comes from many sources. The discipline of nursing has an abundance of research data and resources to guide clinical decisions. Therefore, it is of pivotal importance to understand the basic tenets of critical appraisal of such evidence for its use in interprofessional healthcare practices.

In this task, you will identify a healthcare problem, develop an evidence-based practice [EBP] question, and review selected research and non-research evidence to find answers to that question.

Note that while you will be analyzing only one research-based and one non-research-based article in this task, an actual evidence-based practice change would require the support of many high-quality research studies.


Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. The originality report that is provided when you submit your task can be used as a guide.


You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course.


Tasks may not be submitted as cloud links, such as links to Google Docs, Google Slides, OneDrive, etc., unless specified in the task requirements. All other submissions must be file types that are uploaded and submitted as attachments [e.g., .docx, .pdf, .ppt].


  1.  Discuss the impact of a clinical practice problem on the patient[s] and the organization it affects.
  2.  Identify the following PICO components of the clinical practice problem:
  •   patient/population/problem [P]
  •   intervention [I]
  •   comparison [C]
  •   outcome [O]
  1.  Develop an evidence-based practice [EBP] question based on the clinical practice problem discussed in part A and the PICO components identified in part A1.

    Note:  Refer to “Appendix B: Question Development Tool” for information on the creation of an EBP question.

  2.  Select a research-based article that answers your EBP question from part A2 to conduct an evidence appraisal.
  3.  Discuss the background or introduction [i.e., the purpose] of the research article.
  4.  Describe the research methodology.
  5.  Identify the level of evidence using the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice [JHNEBP] model.

Note: The article you select should not be more than five years old. 
Note:  Refer to “Appendix E: Research Evidence Appraisal Tool” for information on how to level a research-based article.

  1.  Summarize how the researcher analyzed the data in the article.
  2.  Summarize the ethical consideration[s] of the research-based article. If none are present, explain why.
  3.  Identify the quality rating of the research-based article according to the JHNEBP model.

    Note:  Refer to “Appendix E: Research Evidence Appraisal Tool” for information on how to establish the quality rating.
    7.  Analyze the results or conclusions of the research-based article and explain how the article helps answer your EBP question.

  4.  Select a non-research article from a peer-reviewed journal that helps to answer your EBP question from part A2 to conduct an evidence appraisal.
  5.  Discuss the background or introduction [i.e., the purpose] of the non-research article.
  6.  Describe the type of evidence [e.g., case study, quality improvement project, clinical practice guideline].
  7.  Identify the level of evidence using the JHNEBP model.

    Note: The article you select should not be more than five years old. 
    Note:  Refer to “Appendix F: Non-Research Evidence Appraisal Tool” for information on how to level the non-research-based article.

  8.  Identify the quality rating of the non-research-based article according to the JHNEBP model.
  9.  Discuss how the author’s recommendation[s] in the article helps to answer your EBP question.
  10.  Recommend a practice change that addresses your EBP question using both the research and non-research articles you selected for Part B and Part C.
  11.  Explain how you would involve threekey stakeholders in supporting the practice change recommendation.
  12.  Discuss onespecific barrier you may encounter when implementing the practice change recommendation.
  13.  Identify onestrategy that could be used to overcome the barrier discussed in part D2.
  14.  Identify oneoutcome [the O component in PICO] from your EBP question to measure the recommended practice change.
  15.  Acknowledge sources, using APA-formatted in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized.
  16.  Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your submission.

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