Due Process and Crime control model
The due process and the crime control model perspectives of criminal justice have been in use for since the 1960s (Edkins & Royal, 2011). These perspectives have been in contrast to each other with either having its strengths and weaknesses. The due process promotes an individual’s right to life, property and liberty and that these provisions cannot be denied without proper legal procedures. On the other hand, crime control model is a crime regression method that highly depends on the investigative ability of law enforcement officers to predict the likelihood of a suspect being guilty.
The due process model perceives suspects as being innocent until proven guilty in a court of law. On the other hand, the crime control presumes suspects as guilty. According to Edkins and Royal (2011), the due process promotes that police powers should be limited to avoid oppression of the public while the crime control model promotes expansion of police powers to enable them to investigate, search, arrest and convict. In the due process, a person is not found guilty by facts but also, legal procedures need to be followed by the government during the finding of the facts. On the contrary, the crime control model requires discovery of the relevant facts to consider a person guilty.
The due process and the crime control models are however similar as they both seek to curb criminal activities. I suppose that the due process should be used in criminal justice system as it upholds an individual’s right and also gives them the chance to defend themselves.
Edkins, V. A., & Royal, K. D. (2011). Evaluating the Due Process and Crime Control Perspectives Using Rasch Measurement Analysis. Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation, 7(16), 48-65.